Just last month, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (“NIST”), in concert with the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (“NCCoE”), jointly published a behemoth guide to securing Electronic Health Records (“EHR”) on mobile devices.
The guide is a reaction to the growing number of issues with EHR in the mobile application context, as healthcare organizations often have poor EHR integration with their mobile apps. Mobile devices have so many obvious benefits from patient communication to care coordination that organizations are going with the implement first, secure later approach, creating major headaches down the road when the inevitable security incident occurs. In their guide, NIST and NCCoE provide a full analysis of provider side access risks where the provider adds patient information into an EHR system through a mobile device and that same EHR data is accessed elsewhere by another provider via a separate mobile device.
The guide provides a roadmap for healthcare organizations that:
- maps security characteristics to standards and best practices from NIST and other standards organizations, and to the HIPAA Security Rule
- provides a detailed architecture and capabilities that address security controls
- facilitates ease of use through automated configuration of security controls
- addresses the need for different types of implementation, whether in-house or outsourced
- provides a how-to for implementers and security engineers seeking to re-create or reference design in whole or in part
We recommend reviewing the guide during the planning phase of any EHR-related mobile application implementation. For a quick overview of the guide, see the one page fact sheet here.
The guide provides a timely and valuable starting point for CIOs and Privacy Officers that are considering a mobile app implementation. At a high level, §8’s Risk Questionnaire (page 216) provides a great resource for those organizations looking to understand the types of questions they need to ask when selecting a cloud-based EHR vendor. The tables that follow these questionnaires will help an engaged leader to understand the universe and severity of the risks that come with the move to mobile.